A lot more accurate than most approximations in the current research literature, as demonstrated in our validation exercises. However, you need to appreciate the scientific basis of the model, as described in the Welcome section of the User Manual, to avoid modelling artefacts.
The scope of the model is also described in the Welcome section.
PoreXpert can be used with mercury intrusion data, porometry and water retention measurements.
PoreXpert can read datafiles directly from many types of instrument.
No. Permeability or hydraulic conductivity is too sensitive to too many features of the void structure, so ‘inversion’ of that property is not possible. Also, a single permeability or hydraulic conductivity reading contains too little information. A single measurement from the mercury intrusion curve (e.g. the characteristic throat diameter) also provides too little information, which is why PoreXpert uses the shape of the entire curve.
PoreXpert can read Thermo Fisher data that have been corrected for compressibility and uncorrected data from the SOLID software. If you want to use compressibility corrected data from SOLID you need to export the data using the Export to PoreXpert button on the Export Tab. Older versions of SOLID do not have this feature. Thermo Fisher have now stopped manufacturing mercury porosimeters, and the rights have been taken over by another agency. For further details, please Contact us.
The Manufacturer’s software uses an implicit assumption that the porous solid comprises unconnected aligned hollow cylinders. If your sample is like that, then use the Manufacturer’s software. If it is more like a 3-D interconnected network of voids and narrower connections then PoreXpert will give you more information.
First you need to read the previous answer. Then the answer to this is that whereas a fractal dimension can be calculated based on the aligned cylinders model, it is very much more difficult for a 3-D interconnected network, and we have not done it yet.
Yes. Imagine a box bounded by acceptable upper and lower limits of two experimental parameters. The box is two-dimensional for 2 parameters, but for more parameters becomes a cuboid, and so on. If your product’s properties fall within the box, then it is acceptable for sale. PoreXpert allows you to use more and/or better parameters to define the box. For example, you could replace the characteristic throat diameter, which is based on the 50% intrusion point, with simulated permeability, which may be much closer to a required experimental property. In practice, we use a multivariate analysis package to statistically analyse the data, and look for correlation clusters. We have done this for tantalum capacitors made from sintered tantalum corals – the efficiency of the final capacitors correlated closely with PoreXpert simulated permeability.
The software will not accept intrusion curves for which the intrusion volume goes down with increasing pressure. First check that you have followed our experimental protocols for mercury porosimetry or water retention. The problem can also occur if the user has not used the PoreXpert compressibility corrector to pre-process the data using an accurate blank run for the same penetrometer. So under those circumstances, you must clean up the data file – i.e. remove the values which go down instead of up.
No – unfortunately PoreXpert only fits itself to a mercury intrusion curve, water retention curve or porometry data. We have not managed to fit both intrusion and extrusion together yet (or water retention followed by drainage). However, we have modelled the pressure-cyclic mercury porosimetry of nuclear graphite (Laudone et al., 2014).
Yes – for Micromeritics and Quantachrome format files the software does not read the porosity directly, so must be input manually. However, if the intrusion files and the blank are processed first using the compressibility corrector for Micromeritics files, the correct porosity is calculated.
No – porosity is an input to the inverse modeller, not an output. Porosity needs to be measured experimentally.
Not directly. X-ray CT scans and electron micrographs only cover a limited size range. X-ray CT scans are usually lacking precise network connectivity information because the void connections (‘pore-throats’ or simply ‘throats’ ) are often outside the size range measured, or the overall image size is too small or lacking in resolution. Electron micrographs are mainly 2-D sections, and therefore also lack connectivity information. So neither source can be used as data input for PoreXpert, as PoreXpert would have to guess the connectivity of the void network without any experimental data against which to optimise its estimate. What can be done, however, is to generate a manual unit cell over your void size range of interest using the various PoreXpert parameters (size range, skews of the distributions, connectivity and short range size autocorrelation (‘structure type’). Then, for example, output the size ranges, or simulated microtome results, and compare with your sample. The PoreXpert parameters then have to be adjusted by trial and error. This is all quite cumbersome – so if anyone wants to work with us to improve the situation, please Contact us.